It is used in health care, food production, diagnosis, production of alcohol, maintenance of sterility and cleanliness etc. Most anti-biotics are obtained only from microbes. This indicates that it applies to human only.
To replicate, the viruses use their genomes DNA or RNA or of the host cells and cause changes in cells, particularly its antigenicity and may cause several diseases in plants and animals is all covered under this branch. It is a thrust area of microbiology these days, Microbiology essay more and more food items are being packaged including milk and its products for later use.
It also covers monitoring, distribution and diversity of airborne microorganisms in indoor and outdoor environments and especially the ones causing breathing trouble and diseases. Microbiology has come a long way since discovery of microbes and is presently of great help to mankind.
Microbiology essay Thus they also maintain soil microbiology suitable for plant growth. Importance of environmental microbiology: The layers of soil which have microbes support growth of plants due to more water and fertility. Microbes in environment play an important role in scavenging.
Similarly human insulin for diabetics is purely obtained from microbial culture by rDNA technology. The probiotics are available to consumers mainly in the form of dietary supplements and food.
The two main type are resident flora and transient flora. Curing infectious diseases — All of the following are examples of new emerging infectious diseases except Chickenpox — Normal microbiota: It encompasses the uses of a variety of microbes in industrial processes.
It also promoted the work and search for other such antimicrobial weapons produced by soil microorganisms. And recent discoveries indicate that microbes also play roles in determining animal behaviour, bringing microbiology to the realm of psychology.
The first was to establish a familiarity with the proper techniques for using a microscope.
The interest is growing in various zoonotic diseases of animals that can pass to humans due to their close proximity of rearing or habitation. This is a recent branch of microbiology and addresses deep aquifers hundreds Microbiology essay meters below surface.
The processes of bacterial transformation and mutation were the basis for determining that all genetic information of cells is coded for by DNA.
Hand washing refers to washing hands with an unmedicated detergent and water or water alone. It also covers aspects like cyanobacteria blue-green algae and other microscopic forms occurring as symbionts in lichens. It began in the Volga River Basin intravelled north through Europe and reached England inand finally Russia in After fermentation Pasteur was called to look the cause of silkworm disease in South France, and after observing the diseased eggs and other details he wrote: The experiment focused on both the basic components of a microscope i.
During early s Syphilis spread throughout Europe. As a result several genome mapping programmes are underway for disease causing protozoa and helminths e.
Adhesion, biofilm formation, global element cycles, biogeochemical processes and microbial life in extremes of environment or unexplored environs all fall in its preview.
Era of Observation to Mid 19th Century: The s witnessed the development of. Probiotic and Prebiotic Microbiology: Microbes decompose the synthetic pesticide residues and other toxic material in agriculture soil and there by protect farms from toxin accumulation.
Initially diabetics were given injection of insulin obtained from animals. Pharmacy and pharmaceutical companies uses microbiology extensively. It includes hand washing and disinfection.
It also covers all aspects related to the evolution of all micro-organisms, including the protists as protozoa and algae. After that a Japanese bacteriologist Kitasato developed a test for indole production to further aid in the differentiation of these species.
As today industry is linked to biotechnology, several new industrial applications have been found for a variety of microbes. Soil microbiology is very important to maintain soil structure and nature. It also tells us to employ microbes for recovery of minerals from low grade ores.
It also spread across five continents. Lechevalier and Solotorovsky, Importance Of Microbiology Essay Sample.
Microbiology is a subject dealing with microbes and related concepts. Microbiology has come a long way since discovery of microbes and is presently of great help to mankind.
It is used in health care, food production, diagnosis, production of alcohol, maintenance of sterility and cleanliness etc. The needle used for this can be just 70 millimetres wide, only ten times the width of a human blood cell.
All this technology is focused on. Microbiology Essay Topics List Microorganisms are everywhere, almost every natural surface is colonized by microbes, from the body to ocean. Most microorganisms are harmless to human; you swallow millions of microbes every day with no ill effect.
Essay on Importance of Microbiology bioremediation of domestic, agricultural and industrial wastes and subsurface pollution in soils, sediments and marine environments.
The ability of each microorganism to degrade toxic waste depends on. Essay # 1. Meaning of Microbiology: Microbiology is a branch of biology that deals with microorganisms (often upto a diameter of µ) and their effects on other living organisms.
It derives its name from the union of three greek words: mikros (= small), bios (= life bearing); and logos (= study). Microbiology Essay - The study of microbiology is an intense endeavor, requiring students to have a great deal of focus, and sometimes a bit of imagination.
When observing things under a microscope, they often look entirely different .Download