Objects with Phoenician writing on them may have been available in Greece from the 9th century BC, but the earliest evidence of Greek writing comes from graffiti on Greek pottery from the mid-8th century. With much experimentation, there were developments and constant change in the forms of government.
Afterwards, Sparta and Athens promptly turned on each other, at which point Cleomenes I installed Isagoras as a pro-Spartan archon. Eager to prevent Athens from becoming a Spartan puppet, Cleisthenes responded by proposing to his fellow citizens that Athens undergo a revolution: This two-man rule provided a check and balance in this particular system of Spartan government.
However, there had been a fundamental shift away from the fierce independence and classical culture of the poleis—and instead towards the developing Hellenistic culture. All branches of the government were capable of vetoing one another. A powerful king or a tyrant, for instance, was most useful during times of threat of a foreign invader.
This rule could easily be abused and often infringed on the freedom of speech that most democracies have. Perhaps the a lower class consisting of slaves, and a buffer class in the middle. He compelled the majority of the city-states to join the League of Corinth, allying them to him, and preventing them from warring with each other.
This form of government could have run smoothly if it had not existed in a time led my military empires. The aristocratic regimes which generally governed the poleis were threatened by the new-found wealth of merchants, who in turn desired political power.
Another war of stalemates, it ended with the status quo restored, after the threat of Persian intervention on behalf of the Spartans. Decisively defeating an allied army of Thebes and Athens at the Battle of Chaeronea BChe became de facto hegemon of all of Greece, except Sparta.
Though the citizens had little say in the decisions made by the government, the system worked effectively. A mercantile class arose in the first half of the 7th century BC, shown by the introduction of coinage in about BC.
Although the establishment of Roman rule did not break the continuity of Hellenistic society and culture, which remained essentially unchanged until the advent of Christianityit did mark the end of Greek political independence. His success stemmed from his innovative reforms to the Macedonian army.
In fact such were the losses to all the great city-states at Mantinea that none could establish dominance in the aftermath. A tyrant usually emerged from among the oligarchs by enlisting the support of the poor or common people in a city-state.
While trade was a necessity in Athens, there was a law in Sparta that banned all foreign trade and foreign traveling. However, this law did not affect their economy, which was already self-sufficient.
Archaic period in Greece Dipylon Vase of the late Geometric period, or the beginning of the Archaic period, c. There was a great improvement in the living standards of the population.
They considered themselves as the best men among all those in the city-state. The Spartan Constitution called for all men to begin their military education at the age of seven, where they were trained to be tough and self-sufficient. By the 6th century BC several cities had emerged as dominant in Greek affairs: One king would go to war while the other stayed to govern.
Classical Greece Main article: Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabetmodifying it to create the Greek alphabet. Deprived of land and its serfs, Sparta declined to a second-rank power.
This way Rome became the new dominant power against the fading strength of the Sicilian Greek cities and the Carthaginian supremacy in the region.
These two city-states were very different from each other in many ways. The Spartans of highest stature were the citizens, descending from the Dorian invaders. Each of them had brought the surrounding rural areas and smaller towns under their control, and Athens and Corinth had become major maritime and mercantile powers as well.
In Spartathe Messenian Wars resulted in the conquest of Messenia and enserfment of the Messenians, beginning in the latter half of the 8th century BC, an act without precedent in ancient Greece.
In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization.
In this period, there was huge economic development in Greece, and also in its overseas colonies which experienced a growth in commerce and manufacturing.Hence, Ancient Greece had types of government which varied in each major Greek settlement.
Each form of governance evolved independently. With much experimentation, there were developments and constant change in the forms of government. Map showing the major regions of mainland ancient Greece and adjacent "barbarian" lands.
The territory of Greece is mountainous, and as a result, ancient Greece consisted of many smaller regions each with its own dialect, cultural peculiarities, and identity.
However, many retained more traditional forms of government. As so often in other. The government systems of ancient Greece were varied as the Greeks searched for the answers to such fundamental questions as who should rule and how?
took extraordinarily diverse forms and, across different city-states and over many centuries, political power could rest in the hands of a single individual Ancient Greek. Start studying The four types of Government in Ancient Greece (social studies).
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. During the fifth century of Ancient Greece the city-states of Athens and Sparta represented two very different forms of living. Spartans directed their time towards their military capabilities while the Athenians were interested in comfort and culture.
Sparta’s and Athens’ political and. Sparta vs Athens Essay Sample. During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy.
The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively.Download